Though not the most palatable subject, sewer or septic systems are absolutely vital to a healthy, joyful, and sanitary life. There have been many, many scientific and technological developments in the past century or two, not the least of which is the way we dispose of our waste. We have likely heard of this nothing short of tragic methods many nations around the world used in the preceding centuries, but it gives us something to be thankful for if nothing else!
In truth, many epidemics and plagues throughout the 1800s and before that too, have been due to ineffective or sometimes just plain revolting sewage systems. Diseases like cholera, typhoid, yellow fever, and even malaria are but a few examples of what can occur when waste isn’t properly disposed. Mosquitos are not merely responsible for a lot of these disorders, but interestingly, flourish big-time in sewage-contaminated bodies of water instead of purer sources.
Studies have proven that mosquitos that are bred in polluted water grow larger, fly faster, and also have an overall lower mortality rate than their inferior counterparts bred in cleaner water. The”nutrient-enriched” water containing considerable quantities of ammonia phosphates and other minerals rich in sewage function to nourish the bacteria and germs that mosquito larvae consume, pumped up their diet, which makes them healthier and more powerful. Another dandy reason to grow the million to maintain your waist where it belongs.
The search for ideal waste disposal approaches is something man has been up against since the beginning of time. We’ve certainly come a long way as our ancestors knocking holes as their answer, but there’s still much we could learn from how things were done. Hey, when it comes down to it, a hole in the floor is still the first thing most people would consider if there was not a bathroom accessible! Ok, let’s talk about choices, assuming modern take-it-for-granted city plumbing is not among these:
- A hole in the ground right outside your kitchen window.
- A hole in the floor about 30 meters into the woods behind your cabin.
- A pipe leading from your in-house toilet right out to your front road. (History folks!)
- A septic system.
Given the options above, a septic system is probably the method of choice if city sewers were not available. – Providing you’ve got some sort of environmental conscience that would not allow you to just funnel your sewer to the closest river. A septic system consists of several key components which together, break down your sewer to the security deposit back into the groundwater. Designing and maintaining a suitable septic system is critical not just for our health but also for our environment too.
The machine begins with piping that leads from your toilet to an underground septic tank. This tank is the initial phase of decomposition in which the heavier solids settle to the bottom and the lighter”scum” floats to the top. Tanks frequently have two compartments with a dividing wall between them. The liquid part of the waste will then flow to the second chamber where additional settling will occur. This approach is then followed by what’s called a leach field.
A leach field is a section of land that’s used to filter the effluent as it makes its way down through the layers of dirt, and eventually to the groundwater. A potential leach field must meet specific”percolation requirements” before being deemed appropriate. If the soil is too porous – too much sand and gravel – it won’t efficiently”hold” and deactivate the damaging pathogens, and conversely, if the dirt is not porous enough – such as a lot of clay – it won’t permit the percolation of wastewater in the desired speed. Contact Joseph & Company.
Tests that are done on the ground for this function are known as”percolation tests”. The magnitude of a given leach area is proportional to the quantity of incoming wastewater and inversely proportional to the porosity of its soil. Envision a leach field as a system of perforated pipes stretched out over a broad area of the property. These pipes are usually buried under a layer of dirt and gravel to prevent critters from accessing. At a well-made leach field, gravity will more or less evenly distribute the effluent load throughout its piping.
Back in the septic tank, the heavier solids have been decomposed via anaerobic digestion. What the heck is that? Well, it is kinda what makes this whole system even remotely effective. An anaerobic environment is exactly what naturally takes place inside a septic tank when waste is released. It’s the bacteria that immediately starts eating away at pretty much anything that enters the tank.
One factor to remember though is that a septic system can’t run on auto-pilot forever. It has to be regularly kept for it to continue to operate efficiently. There are certain”irreducible” solids which will remain in the tank, and that will gradually collect, causing an overflow of the same into the leach field. An overflow of those solids will clog your drain field and also cost a right arm to fix. Get educated about waste bin management here.
Other precautions regarding septic systems involve that which you can safely flush down your toilet or drains – if other sinks etc are also attached.
- Non-biodegradable substances such as cigarette butts, hygiene products, non-biodegradable toilet paper, etc, cannot be decomposed bacterially, and can only build-up, resulting in clogging, overflow, and premature failure of the septic system.
- Oils and greases are somewhat more difficult to decompose and can cause clogging and excessive stinking if larger quantities are disposed of.
- Disinfectants, bleaches, and substances of any type possess the potential to ruin the anaerobic environment. Do not flush these into your tank!
Usually, only dump what is absolutely essential and nothing more. Keep the septic system to your sewer and utilize different methods such as composting etc for additional organic waste instead of using garbage disposers. Perform periodic maintenance on your own septic system and also have your tank emptied on a regular basis – periods are based on the size of your tank, the number of consumers, and your faithfulness – or lack of it in maintaining the guidelines. This is absolutely essential and can’t be ignored. http://www.josephco.ca/